Oiled Sea Otter Rehabilitation Course

 
Certification Quiz

The following test is designed to qualify an individual to be an OSHA-Certified Wildlife Responder.

The following 50 questions are from the online training modules. Questions are drawn from chapters 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 14. It is also recommended that you read the Personnel Manual and review the Natural History of Sea Otters and the Tour of the Emergency Facilities.

Select the best answer(s) to each question and hit submit at the end. To qualify to register as an OSHA-Certified Responder, you must answer at least 70% of the questions correctly. After the last question, you will see the results. If you answer at least 70% of the questions correctly, your name and email address that you entered will be sent to IWR. In addition to taking the quiz, you must also register for the course. You may retake the quiz as many times as you wish.

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Wildlife Responder Certification

1 / 50

1. Frozen sea food should be thawed in a refrigerator or cold water and discarded if not eaten within six hours.

2 / 50

2. Hypothermia is a major cause of (select the correct answers):

3 / 50

3. Hazard Communication (29 CFR 1910.120) is the standard that establishes requirements to ensure that chemical hazards in the workplace are identified and that this information, along with information on protective measures, must be provided to all staff in the rehabilitation facility.

4 / 50

4. Decontamination of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) must occur after each shift.

5 / 50

5. In general, heavily oiled otters should be washed as soon as possible to prevent further contamination.

6 / 50

6. Internal oil contamination can be assessed by the level of external contamination.

7 / 50

7. For young pups, small amounts of crude oil should be removed with a cloth moistened with DawnTM detergent and water in a 1:16 dilution. Residual detergent should be removed with a moist towel. After cleaning, the fur should be blown dry at room temperature and combed to prevent matting.

8 / 50

8. Once the otter exhibits a stable core temperature, is eating, and shows signs of normal grooming behavior, it should be moved to a larger pen with a small seawater pool.

9 / 50

9. The physical and chemical effects of oil contamination on sea otters will vary primarily according to the (select the correct answers):

10 / 50

10. Bacterial infections of the skin can be caused by the exposure of open sores and cuts to bacteria in the sea otter's (select the correct answers):

11 / 50

11. Zoonoses are diseases transferable from animals to man. Wildlife carry various bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites, some of which are transmissible to humans. Although there are few diseases known to be transferred from marine mammals to humans, two common diseases are (select the correct answers):

12 / 50

12. Only one or two people should be allowed in the vicinity of any newborn and its mother.

13 / 50

13. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is your primary defense for... (select the correct answer)

14 / 50

14. Hypothermia is not a concern if the oiled otter has a normal core body temperature on admission to the rehabilitation facility.

15 / 50

15. Chemical restraint is not recommended for oiled otters that are hypothermic or severely lethargic.

16 / 50

16. In general, the disposal of hazardous chemicals into the sanitary sewer is permitted.

17 / 50

17. The fur of sea otter pups is naturally water repellent and will prevent hypothermia, even if the mother otter is unable to care for her offspring.

18 / 50

18. Once a healthy pup has become bonded to its mother, short separations for purposes of medical treatment or movement within the rehabilitation center cause few problems.

19 / 50

19. Animal care staff should wash their hands (select the correct answers):

20 / 50

20. After cleaning and drying the fur, the otter should be placed in a cage in the critical care room and allowed to recover from sedation.

21 / 50

21. Vomiting and aspiration during anesthesia are more likely to occur in the pregnant animal.

22 / 50

22. Lactating females do not have a higher nutritional requirement than non-lactating otters.

23 / 50

23. The otter should be washed for (select all correct answers):

24 / 50

24. The diet of an otter should include roughage in the form of shells or carapace from whole food items such as mussels, crabs, and shrimp.

25 / 50

25. Food or fecal contamination in the otter pools is normal and does not pose a health threat to the otter.

26 / 50

26. Sea otters frequently chew on ice. This behavior will help prevent (select the correct answers):

27 / 50

27. During sedation and cleaning, it is not necessary to monitor the otter's the core body temperature.

28 / 50

28. An otter refusing food for more than one feeding or eating less than 10% of its body weight each day does not warrant immediate attention by a veterinarian.

29 / 50

29. Adult males and females should be separated to prevent injury to females during mating behavior.

30 / 50

30. Short duration physical restraint of sea otters is recommended for (select the correct answers):

31 / 50

31. Pups less than one month old should be formula fed every two hours and receive 30% of their body weight daily.

32 / 50

32. Before cleaning an oiled otter, an ophthalmic ointment should be applied to its eyes to protect them from detergent.

33 / 50

33. Wild sea otters normally consume approximately what percentage of their body weight daily in high protein food?

34 / 50

34. Cleaning the fur will immediately restore the water repellent qualities of the fur.

35 / 50

35. Hypothermia is the most serious life-threatening condition to heavily or moderately oiled sea otters.

36 / 50

36. How many times per day should a healthy otter be offered food?

37 / 50

37. Leather gloves are necessary when physically restraining alert and active sea otters.

38 / 50

38. Major factors contributing to the mortality of oiled sea otters appear to be (select the correct answers):

39 / 50

39. Primary routes of internal exposure to petroleum hydrocarbons are (select the correct answers):

40 / 50

40. Sea otter pups do not easily become hypothermic or hyperthermic.

41 / 50

41. Oil on wildlife arriving at the rehabilitation center will usually be weathered. Weathered crude petroleum, subjected to the interaction with water, wind, salt, and air, is not flammable but can be harmful if in prolonged contact with skin.

42 / 50

42. After weaning, food should be placed in the pen or pool every three hours to ensure that the pup eats 30% of its body weight daily.

43 / 50

43. The personal safety and health of each wildlife responder is our most important objective.

44 / 50

44. Pregnant females and females with pups need to be housed in smaller groups and observed more closely.

45 / 50

45. Petroleum is an organic liquid primarily containing hydrocarbons with smaller percentages of sulphur, nitrogen, oxygen and trace metals.

46 / 50

46. Major organ systems affected by oil contamination in sea otters include (select the correct answers):

47 / 50

47. Juveniles of both sexes cannot be held with mature females.

48 / 50

48. What is the minimum number of people needed to wash an oiled sea otter (select the correct answers):

49 / 50

49. Otter food should be pre-weighed and kept chilled on ice until eaten. Uneaten food should be discarded after six hours.

50 / 50

50. Aborted, stillborn, or premature pups are a common problem for pregnant sea otters during a rehabilitation program.

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