Oiled Sea Otter Capture Course



ABDOMINAL TYMPANY. Bloating or gas in the abdomen.

ACANTHOCEPHALIDS. Thorny-headed or spiny-headed parasitic worms of animals from the phylum Acanthocephalia.

ACIDOSIS. A pathologic condition resulting from accumulation of acid in, or loss of base, from the body.

ACIDOTIC. Pertaining to or characterized by acidosis.

ALVEOLAR. Pertaining to an alveolus (a small saclike dilation) in the mammalian lung. The alveolus is the primary gas exchange structure of the lung.

ANOREXIA. Lack or loss of the appetite for food.

ANAPHYLAXLS. An unusual or exaggerated allergic reaction of an organism to foreign protein or other substances which may produce shock.

APLASIA. Lack of development of an organ or tissue, or of the cellular products from an organ or tissue.

ARRHYTHMIA. Any variation from the normal rhythm of the heart beat.

ARTERIAL FIBRILLANON. Arterial arrhythmia characterized by rapid randomized contractions of the arterial myocardium, causing a totally irregular, often rapid ventricular rate.

ASCITES. Effusion and accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity.

ASPIRATION. The act of inhaling. The removal of fluids or gases from a cavity by the application of suction.

ATAXIA. Failure of muscle coordination; irregularity of muscle action.

ATELECTASIS. Collapse of the adult lung.

ATRIAL. A chamber affording entrance to another structure or organ, usually the heart.

ATROPINE. An alkaloid in the form of white crystals soluble in alcohol and glycerine; used as an anticholinergic for relaxation of smooth muscles in various organs, to increase heart rate by blocking the vagus nerve, and as a local application to the eye to dilate the pupil and to paralyze ciliary muscle for accommodation.

AUSCULTATION. The act of listening for sounds within the body, chiefly for ascertaining the condition of the lungs, heart, pleura, abdomen and other organs, and for the detection of pregnancy.

AUTOLYSIS. The spontaneous disintegration of tissues or of cells by the action of their own autogenous enzymes, such as occurs after death and in some pathological conditions; the destruction of cells of the body by its own serum.

AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM. The portion of the nervous system concerned with regulation of the activity of cardiac muscle, smooth muscle and glands.

AXILLARY. Pertaining to a small pyramidal space between the upper lateral part of the chest and the medial side of the arm, and including, in addition to the armpit, axillary vessels, the bronchial plexus of nerves, a large number of lymph nodes, and fat and loose alveolar tissue. The term often refers to the transverse plan through the chest at the level of the armpits.

BILIRUBINURIA. Presence of a bile pigment in the urine.

BRADYCARDIA. Slowness of the heart beat, as evidenced by slowing of the pulse rate to less than 60 beats per minute.

BRONCHOSPASM. Spasmodic contraction of bronchial muscle in the lungs.

BULLAE. Plural for bulla, a sac.

BULLOUS. Pertaining to or characterized by bullae.

CAPTURE MYOPATHY SYNDROME. Muscle damage caused, in part, by lactic acidosis resulting from extreme exercise or exertion such as occurs when animals are chased or physically restrained during capture.

CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS. Any variation from the normal rhythm of the heart beat, including sinus arrhythmia, premature beat, heart block arterial fibrillation, arterial flutter, pulsus alterans, and paroxysmal tachycardia.

CARDIOMEGALY. Cardiac hypertrophy; enlargement of the cardiac muscle.

CATECHOLAMINE. Any of a group of amines that act upon nerve cells as neurotransrnitters or hormones. Adrenaline, norepinephrine, and doparnine are catecholamines.

CATHARTIC. An agent that causes evacuation of the bowels by increasing bulk and stimulating peristaltic action.

CEPHALIC. Pertaining to the head or the head end of the body.

CEPHALEXIN. An oral cephalosporin used in the treatment of pneumococcal and Group-A streptococcal respiratory infections and infections of the urinary tract, skin, and soft tissue.

CESTODES. Any parasitic tapeworm or platyhelminth of the class Cestoidea, especially those of the subclass Cestoda.

CETACEANS. Any of an order (Cetacea) of marine mammals including whales, dolphins, and porpoises.

CHLORAMPHENICOL. An antibiotic substance originally derived from cultures of Streptomyces venezuelae, and later produced synthetically. It occurs as fine, white to grayish or yellowish white, needlelike crystals or elongated plaques, and is used as an antibacterial and antirickettsial.

CLONUS. Alternate muscular contraction and relaxation in rapid succession.

COLONIC IRRIGATION. Flushing of the colon with warm water or fluid to raise body temperature.

CORTICOSTEROIDS. Any of the steroids produced by the adrenal cortex, including cortisol, corticosterone, aldosterone, etc.

CREPITATION. A sound like that made by rubbing the hair between the fingers, or popping.

CYANOSIS. A bluish discoloration, applied especially to such discoloration of skin and mucous membranes due to excessive concentration of reduced hemoglobin in the blood.

DECUBITAL ULCERS. An ulceration caused by prolonged pressure in an animal allowed to lie still on a flat surface for a long period of time.

DEHYDRATION. The removal of water from a substance. The condition that results from excessive loss of body water.

DEXAMETHASONE. A white, odorless crystalline powder used as anti-inflammatory adrenocortical steroid of the glucogenic type.

DIARRHEA. Abnormal frequency and liquidity of fecal discharges.

DIAZEPAM. An off-white to yellow crystalline powder used as a minor tranquilizer, and also as a skeletal muscle relaxant. This drug is commonly referred to as valium.

DIURESIS. Increased secretion of urine.

DIURETIC. Increasing the secretion of urine, or an agent that promotes urine secretion.
DYSFUNCTION. Disturbance, impairment, or abnormality of an organ’s function.

DYSPNEA. Difficult or labored breathing.

EDEMA. The presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the body’s intercellular tissue spaces; usually applied to demonstrable accumulation of excessive fluid in subcutaneous tissues.

EMACIATION. Excessive leanness; a wasted condition of the body.

EMESIS. The act of vomiting.

EMPHYSEMA. A pathological accumulation of air in tissues or organs; applied especially to such a condition of the lungs.

EPIDERMIS. The protective outer skin layer of vertebrate animals covering the sensitive dermis.

EPISTAXIX. Nosebleed; hemorrhage from the nose.

ERYTHROCYTE. Red blood cell.

ENTERAL. Within, by way of, or pertaining to the small intestine.

EVOS. Abbreviation for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska.

FATIGUE. A state of increased discomfort and decreased efficiency resulting from prolonged or excessive exertion; loss of power or capacity to respond to stimulation.

FECES. The excrement discharged from the intestines, consisting of bacteria, cells exfoliated from the intestines, secretions (chiefly of the liver), and a small amount of food residue.

FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA. A viral disease of cats, characterized by leucopenia and marked by inactivity, refusal of food, diarrhea, and vomiting.

GLUCOCORTICOIDS. Any corticoid substance which increases gluconeogenesis, raising the concentration of liver glycogen and blood sugar.

GLYCOGEN. A polysaccharide, the chief carbohydrate storage material in animals. It is formed by and stored in the liver and to a lesser extent in muscles, being depolymerized to glucose and liberated as needed.